Excavation is the first step in a new construction project; it involves digging up the soil and moving it as needed for various purposes, including clearing a plot of land, creating drainage channels, installing new utilities, etc.
Excavation is also one of the most hazardous tasks performed on construction sites. It is considered dangerous due to various risks, such as potential ground collapse, unhealthy environment, heavy machinery and equipment usage, movement of vehicles around the dig area, unprotected edges, loose materials or soil, hidden utilities, and flooding.
Always hire professional contractors like D&J Site Construction LLC in Harlingen, TX, who follow all the necessary safety guidelines.
This blog post discusses some essential dos and don’ts for carrying out excavation safely.
Assessment of Potential Hazards
When carrying out excavation work, it is critical to assess the site for utilities, such as gas lines, power lines, and water lines. Make sure to get the maps of utility distribution networks located nearby – this will help avoid damaging critical infrastructure that could disrupt the utilities in the area.
Keep Heavy Machinery Away from the Edges of the Ground
Be extra cautious when operating heavy machinery at the excavation site. Ensure that it is not moving too close to the edges because this equipment can cause vibrations, which may cause a ground collapse suddenly.
Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Always wear safety gear, including safety boots with steel-toes, high visibility clothing, and hard hats before entering the excavation area. Wearing high-visibility clothing will make you visible to workers operating heavy machines, and a hard hat will protect you from any debris falling into ditches or trenches while working with heavy machinery.
Be Prepared for Any Emergency
Be prepared for any accidents at the excavation site. You should maintain a list of emergency contacts, including local firefighters, paramedics, and law enforcement, in case you need to reach them quickly. Make sure you also have the contact information of utility companies, including power, gas, and water, in case a utility line is accidentally damaged.
Don’t Make Assumptions about the Location of the Utility Lines
Utilities such as water and power lines can vary in their placement depending on when and where they were put into place within your project’s route; this means you’ll want an extra margin of safety for these critical services.
Don’t Put Debris or Removed Soil on the Edges
Do not put excavated soil on a hole or trench’s edges because it may fall back into the hole and cause injury to the crew! Ensure to keep any removed materials at least two feet away from where you are working so enough space is preserved for fresh dirt.
Don’t Forget to Put Proper Warning Signs in and Around the Work Site
Make sure to keep caution signs or warnings and take measures, such as fencing off the site immediately. If you’re working in a public space, then ensure that proper warning signage has been placed and erect barriers so passersby can stay away from hazardous areas!
Don’t Work Under Overhanging Equipment
Working under a suspended or raised load can be hazardous, such as objects being moved by a crane. The loads might slip and fall, causing severe injuries to workers below them.
D&J Site Construction LLC is the premier site preparation and excavation company in Harlingen, TX.
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